We will cross the Corinth Canal to visit ancient Corinth, Epidaurus and Mycenae before heading to Nafplion.
The Corinth Canal separates the Peloponnese from the Greek mainland. Although proposed in ancient times and its construction attempted and abandoned over centuries, it was finally completed in 1893.
Ancient Corinth, one of the most important trading cities of ancient Greece dating back to the 6th century BC. The archaeological site includes the Temple of Apollo, the agora and the Peirene fountain.
Dating from 16th century BC, the Royal House of Atreus established a major military stronghold and kingdom ruled most notably by king Agamemnon who fought in the Trojan War mentioned in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. At the archaeological site of Mycenae, we see the remains of the prehistoric Acropolis, the Palace, the Grave Circles, the Lion’s gate, the Cyclopean walls and the famous beehive (tholos) tombs. The museum houses a beautiful collection of artifacts mainly from the excavation of the tombs.
Epidaurus was known in antiquity as a healing center, the place where the god of medicine Asclepius was born and was worshiped. The ruins of the sanctuary include among other things the Temple of Asclepius, the hospice and a stadium. The ancient theatre of Epidaurus is world famous for its astonishing acoustics and is one of the best preserved classical Greek structures which to date is still in use.
Nafplion was a major port dating back to the Bronze Age. As a result of this significance three forts protected it; Palamidi being the most domineering citadel. The city played a huge role in the War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire and up until 1834 was the first capital of Greece. Today it is a large modern city as well as a seaside resort. We recommend an evening stroll through the narrow streets of the old town, which is filled with beautifully preserved neoclassical and Venetian buildings.